Monthly Archives: December 2019

Start Your New Year with Inspirational Recovery Quotes

As the year comes to an end, we all need a bit of encouragement for a new start to carry us through the New Year. Whether you’ve decided to start off the new year with new resolutions or if you are just taking it one day at a time, we have put together a few of our favorite quotes to support, encourage and motivate you in your recovery journey.

Let Yourself Move to the Next Chapter in Your Life

Often times when we are trying to accomplish something in our life, we unconsciously block ourselves from achieving that very thing. To move on to the next chapter we need to stop pointing fingers and blaming things we can’t control. This year, let go of excuses and instead think of ways that can allow yourself to move forward to the exciting next chapter of your life, ahead.

Believe You Can and You’re Halfway There

It might be a cliché but it’s your belief in yourself that enables you to get what you want in life. An accomplishment is not only about overcoming external forces, working hard and making the sacrifices, It’s also about overcoming the power of your own mind. RECOVERY IS POSSIBLE and by believing so you are halfway there.

Strive for Progress Not Perfection

Strive for progress, not perfection: When you focus on perfection you start worrying at every step. Your focus shifts to possible criticism and failure. Making mistakes is better than faking perfection. Making mistakes does not mean you are a failure, it only means you are trying and learning in life. Stick with the “P” word: PROGRESS. Working towards your goals with progress in mind as opposed to perfection will give you a healthier mindset to achieve sobriety or any other goal, no matter how big or small.

If You Want Something You Never Had, You Have to do Something You’ve Never Done

I believe everyone can easily relate to this quote. We’ve all wanted something in our lives that we had to go above and beyond to get it. The reason why many people don’t achieve their goals is that they aren’t ready or willing to do the work. Making the decision to achieve recovery from drugs or alcohol addiction is more than just stopping the use. It is a complete transformation of mind, body and spirit. Although in unknown and uncharted territory, if you are not willing to try doing something you’ve never done, chances are you are not ready to have what you really want, in this case, your recovery.

Celebrate Every Small Victory

Don’t allow your attention to be consumed with the obstacles that you encounter, it’s very easy to feel defeated and powerless if you let yourself to do so. Yes, there is always more that can be done for any task to be achieved, and that includes achieving lasting recovery. But every little achievement is worth celebrating which will, in turn, give us the self-confidence to keep accomplishing more and moving forward.

Share with us your favorite inspirational recovery quotes and how they inspired you. You can share them in our Facebook Page at

Often Causes Recovering Individuals Return to Use

There are many causes for recovering individuals return to use. The most common one reported is boredom. Although it is stressed in most addiction treatment programs the need to pursue a personally meaningful life, many still think that recovery is just detoxing, talk therapy and meetings, neglecting that there is much more to recovery than only taking these steps. Most clients reporting that their recovery plan was limited to eating healthy meals, exercising, seeing a counselor, attending community support meetings and other healthy activities relapse in 3 to 6 months, mainly because they failed to find what is meaningful and brings purpose to their lives.

Fear of taking personal responsibility can also be the cause for some individuals to return to use. Those struggling with addiction know that when they are in recovery they are expected to keep their promises to show up to work on time and perform their responsibilities. Not prepared for taking on these responsibilities some buckle under the overwhelming pressure and to do away with all these outside pressures they relapse, because in active addiction no one expects anything from them.

Perhaps the predominant cause, and in most cases not identified by recovering individuals, is undiagnosed and untreated underlying mental health conditions such as trauma, anxiety, and depression. In fact, in 2018 the National Alliance on Mental Health (NAMI) reported that 19.3% (9.2 million individuals) of U.S. adults with a substance use disorder also experienced mental illness. People often abuse alcohol or drugs to ease the symptoms of an undiagnosed mental disorder to cope with difficult emotions or to temporarily change their mood. Unfortunately, abusing substances causes side effects that in the long run often is worse than the symptoms they initially helped to relieve.

There could be many more reasons to be listed here, but the fact is that addiction disrupts regions of the brain that are responsible for reward, motivation, learning, judgment and memory. This makes it very hard for individuals to be aware of the reality of their life and to find the path to get back to the normal life they once knew.

For those seeking treatment, it is critical to find rehab facilities that offer thorough medical and clinical assessment and individualized treatment. Established rehab facilities are well equipped to deliver therapies to address the multidimensional aspects of the disease of addiction while teaching personal accountability. Although attending a comprehensive addiction treatment program is one step in the series of the right steps that need to be taken to achieve lasting recovery, it is the most important step that can make a successful recovery possible.

There is much healing that must occur to correct the damage done by drugs and alcohol abuse. In addiction recovery, healing involves physical, mental, emotional, social and spiritual aspects of life. In other words, isolating any of these aspects of our human existence will perpetuate the suffering.

If you or someone you love is using drugs or alcohol as an escape from life’s troubles, specialized professional treatment is available, and RECOVERY IS POSSIBLE. Make a call and talk to a professional about your situation.

For information regarding treatment for individuals struggling with addiction and related mental health conditions, contact us at (800) 851-3291. You may also visit our addiction treatment programs’ page for a better insight into our diverse comprehensive therapies.

Celebrating Cheer While Maintaining Recovery

Can you believe it is almost 2020? 2019 went by so fast. We are already getting ready for the holidays.

What does this mean to those in recovery, especially individuals in early recovery? Well, with so many parties where alcohol is involved or present other triggers that can make recovering individuals think of drinking or using, this time of the year can be a difficult time to maintain sobriety. As individuals in recovery are cautioned, nobody is ever “cured” and addiction has long-lasting effects. So, it is important to keep the routine by staying active with recovery activities, such as meetings. If traveling, making plans ahead of time will help you stay committed and motivated. To have a safe and happy holiday, it’s important to be aware of the dangers, triggers, and strategies needed to keep anxiety, depression, stress, and addiction under control.

Are you in early recovery? Treating the holiday season like any other day can help you keep things in perspective where sobriety is concerned. Remember, the holidays should not be the excuse or the reason to put yourself in any dangerous or uncomfortable position. Consider connecting with a therapist and working on a mental health plan for the holidays.

Like any other day:

  • If your heart isn’t into the holiday get-together, you have a choice—don’t go
  • If you feel certain family members or friends might be a trigger for you or in some way may encourage you to drink, you have a choice—don’t go
  • If there is a gift exchange among friends who generally are heavy drinkers and/or exchange alcohol-related gifts, and that makes you uncomfortable, you have a choice—don’t go
  • If you are feeling out of balance it is important to share your feeling with people you trust. Reach out to your support system. They can offer guidance and remind you that you are not alone.

There will always be addiction triggers and holiday season issues to deal with. The sooner you find ways to cope with it, the sooner you can enjoy the holidays without having to worry about relapse. The bottom line is you are in control of the holidays, not the other way around. Take the lead, have your own sober parties. Take this time to make new memories. Show family and friends you have changed and have changed your behavior. You are doing better. Start new traditions. Cook and eat special dishes, give to the less fortunate and be merry. But most importantly take the time to be gentle with yourselves and realize you are not the things you did. Enjoy this year’s holiday season for what they are – new, sober experiences.

Remember, if it all gets to be too much, there is help available to you. Don’t be afraid to reach out and ask for help.

From all of us at Florida Center for Recovery, we truly offer you and yours our best wishes for a great holiday season filled with happiness.

Addiction and PTSD in First Responders

If you’ve ever wondered how first responders stand so many strenuous situations like the horror of coming across burnt and dismembered body parts— it turns out that they don’t. Constantly exposed to dangerous life-threatening issues, the stress experienced by firefighters can damage both their physical and mental health. The exact number of firefighters suffering from debilitating post-traumatic stress injury is unclear but unfortunately, many carrying these wounds go untreated and some don’t survive the journey. Many self-medicate by resorting to alcohol, prescription drugs, and other substances.

Firefighters often have no obvious path for care when overcome with nightmares and terrors. Helplessly frozen in the spot, they experience a myriad of Post-Traumatic Stress (PTS) symptoms. But with the growing and strong connection between first responders’ stressful job and addiction struggles, specialized treatment is on the rise to provide care for this segment of service providers.

Florida Center for Recovery (FCR) offers its own specialized First Responders program through our all-inclusive inpatient treatment. This program is designed to address the specific obstacles encountered by Members of Military, National Guard/Reserves, Veterans, and First Responders such as the Firefighters, Police Officers, Emergency Dispatchers, EMTs and all others who keep us safe.

FCR’s rehabilitation program for First Responders includes treatment for work-related traumatic events, depression, and anxiety. As a result of our comprehensive understanding of these communities’ unique needs, we’ve created a curriculum specifically designed to address their unique challenges. In addition, clients diagnosed with PTS receive specialized trauma therapy through Rapid Resolution Therapy (RRT) —one of our nation’s most successful therapeutic approaches for healing trauma. Delivered exclusively at Florida Center for Recovery by Dr. Jon Connelly, founder and developer of RRT, this revolutionary trauma treatment provides permanent relief from debilitation trauma, often after just one session.

As a trusted leader in addiction and mental health treatment, we invite you to browse through our website and learn about our innovative therapies which are tailored to treat not only addiction but also its underlying related mental health conditions.

If you or someone you know is struggling with addiction and suffering from PTSD, reach out for help. For more information about our specialized First Responders Addiction Treatment Program and to explore treatment options, please call us (800) 851-3291 or click on the link below to send us an e-mail.

Florida Center for Recovery
Clinical Excellence & Compassionate Care in a Healing Environment

meth vs. crystal meth

Meth vs. Crystal Meth

One well-known substance that is highly addictive is methamphetamine, otherwise known as meth. While many people have heard of the drug methamphetamine, fewer people are aware of the different types of methamphetamine. One type of meth that is growing in popularity is crystal meth. 

The question now becomes, what is the difference between meth and crystal meth? Throughout this article, we’re going to give you facts about meth vs. crystal meth so that you can know the dangers behind both. 

Difference between Meth and Crystal Meth

What is Meth?

Methamphetamine, otherwise known as meth, is a powerful central nervous system (CNS) stimulant drug that’s known for its euphoric effects and the energy it triggers in users. Methamphetamine, otherwise known as meth, is a powerful central nervous system (CNS) stimulant drug that’s known for its euphoric effects and the energy it triggers in users. Methamphetamine was developed early in the 20th century from its parent drug, amphetamine. People originally used meth in nasal decongestants and bronchial inhalers. 

Like amphetamines, methamphetamine causes increased activity and talkativeness, decreased appetite, and a pleasurable sense of well-being or euphoria. However, methamphetamine differs from amphetamine in that, in comparable doses, much greater amounts of methamphetamine get into the brain. This makes methamphetamine a more potent stimulant. 

Methamphetamine also has longer-lasting and more harmful effects on the central nervous system. Such characteristics make methamphetamine a drug with a high potential for widespread misuse. Though originally intended for medical purposes, methamphetamine is used recreationally by many for its euphoric effects and long-lasting highs that stimulate users for up to 12 hours. 

Street Names for Meth

There are various different street names for the drug meth. Some of these street names include the following:

  • Chalk
  • Crank
  • Fast 
  • Crink
  • Wash 
  • Trash
  • Dunk
  • Gak
  • Pookie
  • Cookies
  • Christina
  • No doze
  • White cross
  • Cotton candy
  • Rocket fuel
  • Scooby Snax

Types of Meth

As a fast-acting drug with more than double the potency of cocaine, a quality that dangerously increases the likelihood of addiction and overdose, meth is usually cut with other additives and substances to increase product sales.

Methamphetamine, commonly known as meth, comes in a number of forms. This includes pills and an odorless powder that can be snorted or dissolved in liquid. Three major forms of meth are crystal meth, base, and speed. 

What is Crystal Meth?

Crystal meth is one form of the drug methamphetamine. Also known as Ice, crystal meth is a distilled form of meth. Crystal meth is more potent than meth. It comes in the shape of crystals or ice pieces. Rather than being snorted, crystal meth is commonly smoked, which gives an amplified version of euphoria to users. 

Crystal meth can also be injected as the “ice” turns to liquid once heated. Because crystal meth is purer than regular meth, it’s more addictive. Some people have even been known to develop an addiction to crystal meth after one use. In fact, crystal meth creates an extended high that can last up to 24 hours after use.

Street Names for Crystal Meth

Just as there are street names for irregular meth, there are also street names for crystal meth. Due to the drug’s appearance, the more common street names for crystal meth include the terms “ice” or “glass.”  

Meth and Crystal Meth Similarities

At the end of the day, both meth and crystal meth are forms of methamphetamine and highly addictive stimulant drugs with similar chemical makeups. Thus, people abuse meth and crystal meth for the same reason. 

To receive the euphoric high feeling and boost of energy that using both of these types of meth substances gives. Essentially, crystal meth is just a crystalized and thus, a purer version of regular meth. 

Differences Between Meth and Crystal Meth

Just as there are many similarities between meth and crystal meth, there are also many differences between meth and crystal meth. For one, crystal meth is a distilled form of meth and is thus more pure, potent, and addictive. In fact, crystal meth is the purest and most potent form of methamphetamine. 

As a result, the high that crystal meth gives is stronger than that of regular meth and lasts much longer than that of regular meth. As mentioned earlier in this article, the high that crystal meth gives off can even last 24 hours after the drug’s use. 

Appearance Between the Two

When comparing the differences between meth vs. crystal meth, crystal meth comes in a completely different form than regular meth. This form is crystals, or ice pieces. 

The crystal form of crystal meth is very different looking from the white powder appearance of regular meth. It’s because of crystal meth’s ice-like form that the nickname for the drug is “ice.” 

How Do People Use the Two?

As we already mentioned, even the way that people use meth vs. crystal meth differs. For example, most people consume regular meth by snorting it. Most people consume crystal meth though by smoking it or injecting it. 

Because people smoke and inject crystal meth, it only makes it even easier to produce a high from the substance versus regular meth that people snort. As a result, people are more likely to binge and develop addictions to crystal meth after a small amount of use than they are for regular meth. 

Signs and Symptoms of Meth and Crystal Meth Use

Using methamphetamine in any form can result in a number of harmful side effects and health risks. Some of the most common symptoms of meth abuse include:

  • Dilated pupils
  • Anxiety
  • Teeth grinding
  • Paranoia
  • Psychosis
  • Hallucinations
  • Meth sores
  • Meth mouth
  • Kidney failure
  • Bacterial infections
  • Malnutrition
  • Overdose
  • Death

Short-Term Effects of Meth vs. Crystal Meth Use

While some effects of meth vs. crystal meth are short-term, others are long-term. Some of the more short-term effects of meth and crystal meth use include: 

  • Increased energy levels
  • Heightened awareness
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Increased body temperature
  • Decreased appetite
  • Insomnia
  • Aggression/violent behavior
  • Paranoia
  • Anxiety
  • Hallucinations

Long-Term Effects of Meth and Crystal Meth Use

Some of the long-term effects of meth and crystal meth abuse include the following:

  • Addiction
  • Psychosis
  • Paranoia
  • Hallucinations
  • Repetitive motor activity
  • Changes in brain structure and function
  • Deficits in thinking and motor skills
  • Memory loss
  •  Being easily distracted
  • Aggressive and violent behavior
  • Mood disturbances
  • Severe dental problems 
  • Weight loss

Meth and Crystal Meth Addiction

While some forms of meth are more addictive than others, all forms of meth are highly addictive. Thus, it doesn’t take much meth use to develop a meth addiction. When people develop addictions towards meth, regardless of the form, they’ll need detox and addiction treatment to overcome it. Due to how addictive meth is, it’s best to attend inpatient rehab while in treatment for meth addiction.

Meth Withdrawal

Individuals who abuse meth will experience a “crash” period after they stop using the drug. Individuals who abuse meth will experience a “crash” period after they stop using the drug. This crash period can last a few days. Addicted or dependent meth users will experience methamphetamine withdrawal while detoxing from the substance. Methamphetamine withdrawal can last up to several weeks. The symptoms of meth withdrawal vary from person to person. 

Factors Behind Meth Withdrawal Symptoms

The severity of the meth withdrawal side effects depends on a number of factors such as the length of time the individual used meth, the amount of meth used, the frequency of use, and whether the person that used the meth engaged in polydrug use or not. 

Other factors such as the method by which a person consumed the drug (s), can affect withdrawal symptoms as well. Those who inject meth into their bodies will typically experience a longer, more intense withdrawal process than those who consume meth in other ways.

Withdrawal symptoms of meth are debilitating and painful which causes the user to take more of the drug to avoid feeling such unpleasant symptoms. Thus, many people that experience meth withdrawal symptoms due to their dependency on the substance only further perpetuate the cycle of addiction through their substance use habits. 

Meth Detox

Detox from methamphetamine should be done under medical supervision. This is because medical detox gives people that are detoxing from meth access to physicians who can prescribe them prescription medications to help them manage their withdrawal symptoms if they become too intense. 

Medical detox also contains physicians and medical staff on standby 24/7 during the detox process so that they can assist detox patients if anything goes wrong. Thus, to be safe during drug detox, especially to a substance as addictive as meth, people should always attend medical detox. Once detox from meth is complete, recovering individuals can seek counseling and other addiction treatments to help them achieve recovery and learn how to maintain sobriety long-term. 

Attend Detox and Rehab for Meth and Crystal Meth Addiction At Florida Center for Recovery

Florida Center For Recovery (FCR), a drug and alcohol rehab facility established in Florida in 2002, offers on-site medical detox under physician care and an experienced professional medical staff. Through the detox services offered by FCR, detox is made as comfortable as possible.

On top of offering top-notch detox services, Florida Center for Recovery offers a wide variety of nationally renowned addiction treatment programs that are both specialized by the substance and individualized by the patient. Thus, you can rest assured that you’re in great hands when receiving addiction treatment at our rehab facility. 

If you or someone you know is addicted to meth, medical treatment is available. To learn more about how addiction treatment can help you or someone you love manage their addiction to meth or any other substance, please contact us today!

Pema Chodron: What a Buddhist Nun can Teach us About Addiction

North America’s most prominent practitioner of Buddhism, Pema Chodron,  points out in an interview with Bill Moyer that the spiritual practices of Buddhism can reduce the suffering of people from all walks of life regardless of race, religion or creed.

As Pema’s work in exploring Buddhism is becoming more accessible to a larger audience, many individuals struggling with addiction are seeking her teachings in search of enlightenment and freedom from drugs and alcohol. Practicing meditation as a way to bring ‘room to the mind’ and take time out from the ‘busyness’ of life has helped many individuals in recovery. Pema says that at first, we may feel threatened by a sense that nothing is happening, over time our senses will seem more alive and the constant chattering voices will subside. Meditation allows us to hang out with our thoughts, freeing us from judging and resisting them.

The Buddhism concepts such as groundlessness1 and shenpa2, suggest that addiction is a universal condition: problems with drugs and alcohol are simply different symptoms of the same condition or an extreme example of how far people will go to avoid suffering.

According to Pema, “it isn’t the things that happen to us in our lives that cause us to suffer; it is how we relate to the things that happen to us that cause us to suffer.” Typically, it’s not the physical but the emotional pain that we struggle with most such as that which we experience with rejection, abandonment, or loss.

Part of what attracted Pema to Buddhism was its focus on the present moment. Pema saw that most human beings are afraid of negative feelings and are constantly scrambling to find ways to avoid feelings of embarrassment, boredom, anxiety, etc. Pema calls these moments of insecurity ‘groundlessness’ or being ‘off-balance.’ Human beings avoid the experience of groundlessness in a very effective way – we get distracted. For people with addictions, boredom can often jeopardize sobriety. While most ‘normal’ people will resort to harmless distractions such as watching TV, practicing sports or engaging in other recreational activity, someone with a chemical dependency will turn to their drug of choice.

Pema suggests using “groundlessness” as a force for positive change and she uses a metaphor to emphasize this point. She says: “Suppose you are barefoot in a field of thorn bushes. To take away the pain of walking through the field covered in thorn bushes, you could criticize the farmer for not cutting down the thorn bushes or you could wish that the field was covered in giant strips of leather, or you could simply wrap the leather around your foot.”

In the same way, we all have the choice of finding happiness by trying to change the world or by working on ourselves. As far as Pema is concerned, as long as human beings are constantly scrambling to avoid feelings of “groundlessness”, there will be wars, hatred, prejudice, and addiction.

We at Florida Center For Recovery wish all of you struggling with substance use and addiction to find your balance in life, your path to happiness and lasting recovery.

For more on Buddhism and Pema Chodron, you may refer to the sites used as reference below:

Florida Center for Recovery
Clinical Excellence & Compassionate Care in a Healing Environment



1.‘Groundlessness’ in Buddhism refers to the fact that nothing is fixed, in life – in our experiences – but also in ourselves, we are constantly changing, shifting. Nothing is fixed. So it is too for our thoughts, our desires, our fixations. Groundlessness is the idea that long term security, a permanent solution to a problem, or even predictability just don’t exist.

2. Shenpa is attachment, but Pema Chodron explains that “attachment” alone is not adequate as a translation:

“This is a teaching on a Tibetan word: shenpa. The usual translation of the word shenpa is attachment. If you were to look it up in a Tibetan dictionary, you would find that the definition was attachment. But the word “attachment” absolutely doesn’t get at what it is. Dzigar Kongtrul said not to use that translation because it’s incomplete, and it doesn’t touch the magnitude of shenpa and the effect that it has on us.

If I were translating shenpa it would be very hard to find a word, but I’m going to give you a few. One word might be hooked. How we get hooked.

Another synonym for shenpa might be that sticky feeling. In terms of last night’s analogy about having scabies, that itch that goes along with that and scratching it, shenpa is the itch and it’s the urge to scratch. So, urge is another word. The urge to smoke that cigarette, the urge to overeat, the urge to have one more drink, or whatever it is where your addiction is.

Here is an everyday example of shenpa. Somebody says a mean word to you and then something in you tightens— that’s the shenpa. Then it starts to spiral into low self-esteem, or blaming them, or anger at them, denigrating yourself. And maybe if you have strong addictions, you just go right for your addiction to cover over the bad feeling that arose when that person said that mean word to you. This is a mean word that gets you, hooks you. Another mean word may not affect you but we’re talking about where it touches that sore place— that’s a shenpa. Someone criticizes you—they criticize your work, they criticize your appearance, they criticize your child— and, shenpa: almost co-arising.”

Recommended Books

12 Steps on the Buddha’s Path: Bill, Buddha and We (2006) Laura S., Sylvia Boorsteing
Mindful Recovery (2002) Thomas Bien
One Breath at a Time (2004) Kevin Griffin
Still Waters: Sobriety, Atonement, and Unfolding Enlightenment (2006) William Alexander
The Zen of Recovery (1993) Mel Ash


Addiction recovery with integrated trauma treatment

The prevalence of predisposing psychological trauma conditions in individuals entering addiction treatment programs points to the need of having addiction treatment facilities that provide comprehensive screening that identifies the presence of trauma-related disorders.

Addiction treatment facilities which offer integrated addiction and mental health treatment that allow trauma-related issues to be diagnosed and addressed, provide the best chance of successfully completing treatment and achieving sustained recovery.

Addressing trauma in substance abuse treatment involves both “trauma-informed” and “trauma-specific” approaches. Trauma-informed systems and therapies take into account various indicators of trauma—its impact, the interpersonal dynamics of trauma, and effective paths to recovery—and incorporate this knowledge thoroughly in all aspects of addiction treatment delivery.

The primary goals of trauma-specific services are focused to address directly the impact of trauma on individuals’ life and to facilitate trauma recovery and healing. Ideally, substance use disorder treatment programs offer trauma-informed environments, provide therapeutic services that are sensitive and responsive to the unique needs of trauma clients, and offer trauma-specific interventions.

Knowing the importance of resolving trauma-related issues in any successful recovery, Florida Center for Recovery (FCR), a drug and alcohol rehab facility established in 2002, uses the expertise of one of the nation’s best trauma therapist, Dr. Jon Connelly, founder and the developer of Rapid Resolution Therapy (RRT) to provide the most effective trauma treatment that generally produces results in just one session.

RRT helps clients permanently overcome the negative effects of trauma by eliminating the ongoing psychological suffering that stems from disturbing or painful past experiences. This specialized revolutionary trauma treatment provides permanent relief from debilitating trauma often after only one session, without making clients re-experience the pain and discomfort caused by the event(s). Rapid Resolution Therapy has proven to be useful in addressing and treating combat post-traumatic stress disorder, childhood abuse, sexual violence, grief, panic disorder, insomnia, shame, guilt, rage, anger, and ongoing effects of anxiety.

FCR’s trauma treatment is offered within our inpatient rehab program, for both men and women ages 18 and older, at our Fort Pierce location. Our innovative therapies are designed to address the multidimensional aspects of the disease of addiction while teaching personal accountability in a safe, nurturing, real-life environment. In addition to our specialized Trauma Therapy, we offer Chronic Relapse, Military/First Responders and Pregnant Women Programs.

For more information about admissions into our integrated rehab and trauma treatment program, please call us at (800) 851-3291 or visit our treatment programs page at 

Florida Center for Recovery
Clinical Excellence & Compassionate Care in a Healing Environment

Addiction Terminology

Those involved in preventing, treating, and supporting recovery for substance use disorders employ a variety of terms to describe the illness and the people it affects. We often hear people using the terms “addiction” and “dependence” interchangeably, but although they may be conceptually related, they are two different things. Another more recent term, “substance use disorder,” is increasingly used to refer to addiction; it is a diagnostic concept and is mostly used in clinical settings. Find below a brief description of, dependence, addiction and substance use disorder.

  • Dependence. According to NIDA, a physical dependence can develop in anyone who regularly uses any substance, whether the substance is prescribed or illicit. The body becomes used to the frequent presence of the substance in a person’s system and has to adjust when the person stops using it. Withdrawal symptoms may arise as the body reacts and attempts to re-adjust when the substance no longer is present.
  • Addiction. A person is addicted when they cannot control their use of a substance even if they are suffering consequences from their use, such as the loss of a job or relationship. Physical dependence is part of the criteria used to diagnose addiction, but it is not the only factor considered.
  • Substance Use Disorder. This term first appeared in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which was published in 2013. The DSM is a common tool used to diagnose a substance abuse problem in treatment programs. The characteristic symptoms associated with substance use disorders can be categorized into 4 major groupings: impaired control, social impairment, risky use, and pharmacological criteria such as tolerance and withdrawal.

If you or someone you love is using drugs or alcohol as an escape from life’s troubles, specialized professional treatment is available, and RECOVERY IS POSSIBLE.

For more information regarding treatment for individuals struggling with addiction and related mental health conditions, contact us at (800) 851-3291. You may also visit our addiction treatment programs’ page for a better insight into our diverse comprehensive therapies.

What is DSM?

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is used by clinicians and psychiatrists to diagnose psychiatric illnesses. In 2013, the latest version, known as the DSM-5, was released. The DSM is published by the American Psychiatric Association and covers all categories of mental health disorders for both adults and children.

The DSM is utilized widely in the United States for psychiatric diagnosis, treatment recommendations, and insurance coverage purposes. Clinicians use the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) to diagnose people with substance or behavioral addictions. To meet the criteria for a substance use disorder, a person must display at least 2 of the following behaviors over the course of a year:

  • Using more of the substance or using it over a longer period than intended.
  • Desire to stop using or trying to quit but not being unsuccessful.
  • Spending more and more time getting the substance, using it, or recovering from using.
  • Having powerful urges, or cravings, for the substance.
  • When substance abuse interferes with responsibilities at work, school, or home.
  • Continuing the use of the substance even though it has created social or personal problems or those problems have become worse by drug use.
  • Lack of interest in activities once enjoyed, in favor of drug use.
  • Using drugs or being under the influence in dangerous situations, such as while driving or operating machinery.
  • Continuing the use of the substance even when clear about the physical or the mental problems caused or made worse by drug use.
  • The need to use more and more of the substance to become intoxicated or experience the effect experienced before, due to developing tolerance.
  • Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when stopping or delaying the use, or using the drug to prevent withdrawal symptoms.

Getting a diagnosis of addiction can be difficult to deal with. But if you or a loved one is seeking treatment or have any concerns about a diagnosis, ask a therapist for information. Your diagnosis can open up resources that help you get the proper treatment and find out about insurance coverage that makes treatment possible. Having an accurate diagnosis will greatly benefit patients, especially those who have co-occurring mental health conditions that normally act as obstacles to sobriety.

For information about addiction and mental health treatment at Florida Center for Recovery please call us at (800) 851-3291 or click on the link below to send us an e-mail.

Florida Center for Recovery
Clinical Excellence & Compassionate Care in a Healing Environment