Fentanyl is a synthetic prescription drug that belongs to the class of opioids (narcotic pain medication/analgesics). It is a schedule II prescription drug, and it is typically used to treat patients with severe pain or to manage pain after surgery. It is also sometimes used to treat patients with chronic pain who are physically tolerant to other opioids. Fentanyl is a powerful synthetic opioid that is 50 to 100 times more potent than morphine and fentanyl analogs ("designer drugs" that mimic the original). Synthetic opioids, including fentanyl, are now the most common drugs involved in drug overdose deaths in the United States. In 2017, 59 percent of opioid-related deaths involved fentanyl compared to 14.3 percent in 2010.
When prescribed by a doctor, fentanyl can be given as a shot, a patch that is put on a person's skin, or as lozenges that are sucked like cough drops.
The illegally used fentanyl most often associated with recent overdoses is made in labs. This synthetic fentanyl is sold illegally as a powder, dropped onto blotter paper, put in eye droppers and nasal sprays, or made into pills that look like other prescription opioids.
Some drug dealers are mixing fentanyl with other drugs, such as heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine, and MDMA. This is because it takes very little to produce a high with fentanyl, making it a cheaper option. This is especially risky when people taking drugs don't realize they might contain fentanyl as a cheap but dangerous additive. They might be taking stronger opioids than their bodies are used to and can be more likely to overdose.
When Fentanyl is taken for extended periods of time, users often develop tolerance, dependence and are at risk for developing addiction. Individuals who are physically dependent upon Fentanyl often experience uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms when they are without the drug. The withdrawal symptoms experienced often drive the individual to continue seeking out the drug. When Fentanyl is combined with other drugs, the risk of accidental overdose significantly increases. Most opioid deaths are the result of respiratory depression.
A person who uses or abuses fentanyl, or who is in withdrawal from the drug, will show various signs and symptoms, which may include:
Fentanyl Brand Names:
Street Names for Fentanyl or for Fentanyl-laced Heroin include:
Information provided above is courtesy of: https://www.drugabuse.gov
Fentanyl use and abuse can rapidly manifest into addiction. Florida Center for Recovery offers opioid addiction treatment programs for individuals struggling with Fentanyl addiction. Our mental health professionals are specialized in developing opioid addiction treatment plans to address the client's substance abuse and the underlying issues associated with the development of the addiction. If you would like more information about fentanyl detox and long term recovery, connect with someone who can help you now by calling Florida Center for Recovery at our toll free number: 800-643-4005. Our recovery advisors are available 24/7 to provide you with information regarding treatment, admissions, insurance and private pay options.