Kratom is an herbal extract that comes from the leaves of an evergreen tree (Mitragyna speciosa) grown in Southeast Asia. Consumption of its leaves produces both stimulant effects (in low doses) and sedative effects (in high doses), and can lead to psychotic symptoms and psychological addiction. The psychoactive ingredient is found in the leaves from kratom tree.
Kratom leaves can be chewed, and dry kratom can be swallowed or brewed. Kratom extract can be used to make a liquid product. The liquid form is often marketed as a treatment for muscle pain, or to suppress appetite and stop cramps and diarrhea. Kratom is also sold as a treatment for panic attacks.
Kratom is also used at music festivals and in other recreational settings. People who use kratom for relaxation believe that because it is plant-based substance, it is safe. However, the amount of active ingredient in kratom plants can vary greatly, making it difficult to gauge the effect of a given dose. Depending on what is in the plant and the health of the user, taking kratom may be very dangerous.
Side effects and safety concerns
Although people who take kratom believe in its value, researchers who have studied kratom think its side effects and safety problems more than offset any potential benefits. Poison control centers in the United States received about 1,800 reports involving use of kratom from 2011 through 2017, including reports of death. About half of these exposures resulted in serious negative outcomes such as seizures and high blood pressure. Five of the seven infants who were reported to have been exposed to kratom went through withdrawal.
Kratom has a number of known side effects, including:
Kratom also affects the mind and nervous system:
Kratom takes effect after five to 10 minutes, and its effects last two to five hours. The effects of kratom become stronger as the quantity taken increases. In animals, kratom appears to be more potent than morphine. It's not known exactly what level of kratom is toxic in people, but as with pain medications and recreational drugs, it is possible to overdose on kratom. Individuals using kratom are advised to seek a safe option for people who use this substance is to work with their doctor to find other treatment options.
As of February 2017, Kratom possession is not a crime in Florida, with the exception of Sarasota County. Kratom is not currently regulated in the United States, and federal agencies are taking action to combat false claims about kratom.
Nicknames and Street Names for Kratom:
Information provided above is courtesy of: https://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov