Benzodiazepines, (“benzos”), are a class of drugs called central nervous system (CNS) depressants, sometimes referred to as sedatives and tranquilizers. When takes as prescribed, benzodiazepines help people suffering from sleep disorders and anxiety.
Benzodiazepines work by suppressing the central nervous system, slowing brain functions affecting parts of the body which control voluntary actions. With increased dosage, benzodiazepines affect a person’s automatic, unconscious functions, such as breathing and heart rate. It is in this way that benzodiazepines abuse and addiction is dangerous.
The list below shows some of the different generic and brand names of benzodiazepines:
- Alprazolam – Xanax
- Bromazepam – Lexotan
- Clonazepam – Rivotril
- Diazepam – Valium, Ducene, Antenex
- Flunitrazepam – Rufinol, Rohypnol, Hypnodorm
- Lorazepam – Ativan
- Nitrazepam – Mogadon, Alodorm
- Oxazepam – Serepax, Murelax, Alepam
- Temazepam – Euhypnos, Normison, Temaze
- Zolpidem – Ambien