It seems that everyone is talking about trauma. The current interest in trauma-informed approaches grew from a variety of sources, including the stories and voices of survivors; research on trauma and violence; the emergence of trauma treatment models; and social and political action to prevent and respond more effectively to violence. Over time, health specialists came to recognize how widespread trauma really is; how it impacts the developing brain; how it affects all aspects of a person’s life and all parts of society. It then became clear that there is a need to effectively address, treat and heal trauma issues giving people the tools they need to begin this process.
In the context of substance abuse and addiction, a recent study published in the Drug & Alcohol Review journal has found that 80 percent of people who were drug and alcohol dependent have experienced a significant trauma that has gone untreated – trauma that may, in fact, be a primary cause of the drug dependence.
Below are some facts issued by SAMHSA, NASMHPD and the National Center for Trauma-Informed Care (NCTIC) regarding trauma.
- Traumatic experiences often involve a threat to life or safety, but any situation that leaves us feeling overwhelmed and alone can be traumatic, even if it doesn’t involve physical harm. It’s not the objective facts that determine whether an event is traumatic, but our subjective emotional experience of the event.
- Many providers may be under the impression that abuse experiences are an additional problem for their clients, rather than the central problem.
- Up to two-thirds of both men and women in substance abuse treatment report childhood abuse or neglect.
- 97% of women who have a mental illness and are homeless have experienced severe physical and/or sexual abuse, and 87% experienced this abuse both as children and as adults.
- 75% of women in treatment programs for drug and alcohol abuse report having been sexually abused.
- HMO adult members who had experienced multiple childhood exposures to abuse and violence had a 4- to 12-fold increased risk of alcoholism and drug abuse and a 2- to 4-fold increase in smoking.
- Among juvenile girls identified by the courts as delinquent, more than 75% have been sexually abused.
- About 3.9 million adolescents have been victims of a serious physical assault, and almost 9 million have witnessed an act of serious violence.
- In a sample of 100 male and female subjects receiving treatment for substance abuse, more than a third were diagnosed with some form of a dissociative disorder stemming from childhood sexual or physical abuse.
- As many as 80% of individuals in psychiatric hospitals have experienced physical or sexual abuse, most of them as children.
- The majority of adults diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder (81%) or Dissociative Identity Disorder (90%) were abused as children.
- Nearly 90% of women diagnosed with alcoholism were sexually abused as children or suffered severe violence at the hands of a parent.
- Boys who experience or witness violence are 1,000 times more likely to commit violence than those who do not.
- The level of exposure to catastrophic violence and loss, together with the resulting posttraumatic stress has been found to be as severe in America’s inner cities as in post-earthquake Armenia, war-torn Bosnia, post-invasion Kuwait and other trauma zones. Yet, the United States has no formal public health policy to address the problem
- Not all potentially traumatic events lead to lasting emotional and psychological damage. Some people rebound quickly from even the most tragic and shocking experiences. People can and do recover from the effects of trauma if they receive the right services and support.
The more frightened and helpless you feel, the more likely you are to be traumatized.
Trauma-specific interventions are designed specifically to address the consequences of trauma in the individual and to facilitate healing. Treatment programs generally recognize the following:
- The survivors need to be respected, informed, connected, and hopeful regarding their own recovery
- The interrelation between trauma and symptoms of trauma (e.g., substance abuse, eating disorders, depression, and anxiety)
- The need to work in a collaborative way with survivors, family, and friends of the survivors and other human services agencies in a manner that will empower survivors and consumers
Florida Center for Recovery knows the importance of resolving trauma-related issues in any successful recovery, and for that reason, we have sought the expertise of one of the nation’s best trauma therapist, Dr. Jon Connelly, founder and developer of Rapid Resolution Therapy® (RRT).
RRT helps clients permanently overcome the negative effects of trauma by eliminating the ongoing psychological suffering that stems from disturbing or painful past experiences. Rapid Resolution Therapy® is a revolutionary trauma treatment that provides permanent relief from debilitating trauma, often after only one session.
If you or a loved one’s recovery is affected by psychological trauma and would like to explore treatment options, feel free to give us a call at (800) 851-3291 or visit our addiction treatment programs’ page for a better insight about our rehab programs.
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