Evidence-based practices, also known as EBPs, are treatment interventions that have been proven effective by scientific studies. These treatments were tested under controlled circumstances and determined to truly help the patients they were designed to serve.
In the context of addiction evidence based treatment approaches are designed to address the complex aspect of substance abuse and addiction and its consequences for the individual, family, and society. Some of the approaches are used interchangeably to supplement or enhance treatment providing this way a better outcome for the patient.
Insurance companies often fund these studies to determine if an intervention is worth its cost. In general, if you enroll in a treatment program that advertises its interventions as “evidence-based,” you are more likely to have a successful outcome than if you enroll in one that is experimental or based on guesswork.
Below are a few of evidence-based therapies shown to be effective in addressing substance abuse and addiction (effectiveness with particular drugs of abuse is denoted in parentheses).
- Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (Alcohol, Marijuana, Cocaine, Methamphetamine, Nicotine)
- Contingency Management Interventions/Motivational Incentives (Alcohol, Stimulants, Opioids, Marijuana, Nicotine)
- Community Reinforcement Approach Plus Vouchers (Alcohol, Cocaine, Opioids)
- Motivational Enhancement Therapy (Alcohol, Marijuana, Nicotine)
- The Matrix Model (Stimulants)
- 12-Step Facilitation Therapy (Alcohol, Stimulants, Opiates)
- Family Behavior Therapy
- Behavioral Therapies